Faktor Yang Meningkatkan Risiko Terhadap 3 Kategori Kanker Sistem Reproduksi Pada Wanita Usia Subur di Pondok Aren Tangerang Selatan Tahun 2017

Factors That Increase the Risk of The 3 Major Reproductive Cancer Categories in Women of Childbearing Age in The Pondok Kacang Prima Pondok Aren South Tangerang in 2017

  • lisnadiyanti lisnadiyanti STIKes Binawan
Keywords: Wanita usia subur, kanker, reproduksi wanita


Kanker serviks adalah tumor ganas yang tumbuh di dalam leher rahim, yaitu bagi anterendah dari rahim yang menempel pada puncak vagina. Kanker ovarium adalah tumor ganas pada ovarium. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskriptif sederhana dengan pendekatan Cross-Sectional. Penelitian dilakukan pada bulan Mei 2017 dengan responden berjumlah 85 orang. Analisa data menggunakan uji proporsi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa: 1) pola hubungan usia menarche normal (12-15 tahun) beresiko tinggi sebanyak 42 orang (49.4%), 2) pola hubungan faktor yang mempengaruhi usia menarche dengan kategori cukup mempengaruhi beresiko rendah sebanyak 41 orang (48.2%), 3) pola hubungan faktor hormonal dengan kategori menstruasi teratur beresiko sedang sebanyak 30 orang (35.3%), 4) pola hubungan factor gaya hidup dengan kategori kurang baik beresiko rendahs ebanyak 38 orang (44.7%), 5) pola hubungan factor riwayat keluarga dengan kategori tidak memiliki riwayat 3 kategori kanker reproduksi terbesar pada wanita beresiko rendah sebanyak 46 orang (54.1%), 6) factor risiko terhadap 3 kategori kanker system reproduksi terbesar pada wanita usia subur mayoritas memiliki tingkat risiko rendah sebanyak 49 orang (57.6%). Diharapkan masyarakat khususnya wanita usia subur untuk dapat meningkatkan dan memperdulikan kesehatannya terkait kesehatan reproduksi yang dimaksudkan sebagai pencegahan terjadinya 3 kategori kanker reproduksi terbesar pada wanita usia subur


Download data is not yet available.


Arsenijevic, M., Milovanovic, M., Volarevic, V., Canovic, D., Arsenijevic, N., Soldatovic, T., … Bugarcic, Z. D. (2012). Cytotoxic properties of platinum(IV) and dinuclear platinum(II) complexes and their ligand substitution reactions with guanosine- 50-monophosphate. Transition Metal Chemistry. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11243-012-9613-4

Batubara, J. R. L., Soesanti, F., & van de Waal, H. D. (2010). Age at menarche in indonesian girls: a national survey. Acta Medica Indonesiana.

Bray, F., Ferlay, J., Soerjomataram, I., Siegel, R. L., Torre, L. A., & Jemal, A. (2018). Global cancer statistics 2018: GLOBOCAN estimates of incidence and mortality worldwide for 36 cancers in 185 countries. CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians. https://doi.org/10.3322/caac.21492

Carwile, J. L., CWillett, W., Spiegelman, D., Hertzmark, E., Rich-Edwards, J., Frazier, A. L., & Michels, K. B. (2015). Sugar-sweetened beverage consumption and age at menarche in a prospective study of US girls. Human Reproduction. https://doi.org/10.1093/humrep/deu349

Curry, S. J., Krist, A. H., Owens, D. K., Barry, M. J., Caughey, A. B., Davidson, K. W., … Wong, J. B. (2018). Screening for cervical cancer us preventive services task force recommendation statement. JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2018.10897

D’Aloisio, A. A., Deroo, L. A., Baird, D. D., Weinberg, C. R., & Sandler, D. P. (2013). Prenatal and infant exposures and age at menarche. Epidemiology. https://doi.org/10.1097/EDE.0b013e31828062b7

DeSantis, C., Ma, J., Bryan, L., & Jemal, A. (2014). Breast cancer statistics, 2013. CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians. https://doi.org/10.3322/caac.21203

Editor, D. (2016). European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology. European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejogrb.2008.11.002

Elks, C. E., Perry, J. R. B., Sulem, P., Chasman, D. I., Franceschini, N., He, C., … Murray, A. (2010). Thirty new loci for age at menarche identified by a meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies. Nature Genetics. https://doi.org/10.1038/ng.714

Ferlay, J., Steliarova-Foucher, E., Lortet-Tieulent, J., Rosso, S., Coebergh, J. W. W., Comber, H., … Bray, F. (2015). Reprint of: Cancer incidence and mortality patterns in Europe: Estimates for 40 countries in 2012. European Journal of Cancer. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejca.2015.05.004

Getahun, F., Mazengia, F., Abuhay, M., & Birhanu, Z. (2013). Comprehensive knowledge about cervical cancer is low among women in Northwest Ethiopia. BMC Cancer. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2407-13-2

Horvath, G., Chilo, J., & Lindblad, T. (2010). Different volatile signals emitted by human ovarian carcinoma and healthy tissue. Future Oncology. https://doi.org/10.2217/fon.10.60

Hsieh, C. ‐C, Trichopoulos, D., Katsouyanni, K., & Yuasa, S. (1990). Age at menarche, age at menopause, height and obesity as risk factors for breast cancer: Associations and interactions in an international case‐control study. International Journal of Cancer. https://doi.org/10.1002/ijc.2910460508

ICO, H., & Centre, I. (2014). Human Papillomavirus and Related Diseases Report. HPV Centre.

Insanu, M., Anggadiredja, J., & Kayser, O. (2012). Curcacycline A and B - New pharmacological insights to an old drug. International Journal of Applied Research in Natural Products.

K., O., S., Y., K., A., T., H., M., N., T., M., … T., F. (2010). A case report of primary adenocarcinoma of small intestine. Japanese Journal of Cancer and Chemotherapy.

Marcom, P. K. (2017). Breast Cancer. In Genomic and Precision Medicine: Primary Care: Third Edition. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-800685-6.00010-2

Marmot, M. G., Altman, D. G., Cameron, D. A., Dewar, J. A., Thompson, S. G., & Wilcox, M. (2013). The benefits and harms of breast cancer screening: An independent review. British Journal of Cancer. https://doi.org/10.1038/bjc.2013.177

Ndikom, C. M., & Ofi, B. A. (2012). Awareness, perception and factors affecting utilization of cervical cancer screening services among women in Ibadan, Nigeria: A qualitative study. Reproductive Health. https://doi.org/10.1186/1742-4755-9-11

Perry, J. R., Day, F., Elks, C. E., Sulem, P., Thompson, D. J., Ferreira, T., … Ong, K. K. (2014). Parent-of-origin-specific allelic associations among 106 genomic loci for age at menarche. Nature. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature13545

Sanajaoba Singh N, Sharat Singh N, , Narendra RK, U. (2010). 22.Online Journal of Health and Allied Sciences. Online Journal of Health and Allied Science. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0074-6142(08)62813-2

Society, A. cancer. (2014). Cervical Cancer What is cancer ? In American Cancer Society.

Sudenga, S. L., Rositch, A. F., Otieno, W. A., & Smith, J. S. (2013). Knowledge, attitudes, practices, and perceived risk of cervical cancer among kenyan women brief report. International Journal of Gynecological Cancer. https://doi.org/10.1097/IGC.0b013e31828e425c

Zermeño-Nava, J. D. J., Martínez-Martínez, M. U., Rámirez-De-Ávila, A. L., Hernández-Arteaga, A. C., García-Valdivieso, M. G., Hernández-Cedillo, A., … Navarro-Contreras, H. R. (2018). Determination of sialic acid in saliva by means of surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy as a marker in adnexal mass patients: Ovarian cancer vs benign cases. Journal of Ovarian Research. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13048-018-0433-9

How to Cite
lisnadiyanti, lisnadiyanti. (2019). Faktor Yang Meningkatkan Risiko Terhadap 3 Kategori Kanker Sistem Reproduksi Pada Wanita Usia Subur di Pondok Aren Tangerang Selatan Tahun 2017. Journal of Health Science and Physiotherapy, 1(2), 61-71. https://doi.org/10.35893/jhsp.v1i2.14